A technical conversation with ChatGPT on software development topics

In this series, I will be publishing some conversations with the hot ChatGPT.
It is my hope that this conversation will provide you some value, and entertainment!

At Kyros, we are always exploring new technologies. It is our pride to learn how new technologies such as conversational AI can be leveraged in order to provide better services, save time, learn faster, and help you embrace new tech, rather than avoid it from fear.

Please note!!! Conversational AI is not perfect, and some of the insights and answers provided by the AI may not be correct, or accurate. Since this is a conversation intended to provide some educational value, and entertainment, I have not censored or corrected what answers are supplied by the AI.

Nathan Jean: What is object oriented design in software development?

ChatGPT: Object-oriented design (OOD) is a software development approach that organizes code into individual units, called objects, that interact with one another to perform tasks. Each object represents a real-world or abstract entity and has its own set of data and methods that define its behavior. OOD is based on the concepts of encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism, which help in creating reusable, maintainable, and scalable software. It is one of the popular design paradigms in software development and is widely used in object-oriented programming languages such as Java, C++, and C#.

Nathan Jean: Write me a simple example of OOD in the Java language.

ChatGPT: Here is a simple example of object-oriented design in the Java language:

class Dog {
    // instance variables
    private String name;
    private int age;

    // constructor
    public Dog(String name, int age) {
        this.name = name;
        this.age = age;

    // getters and setters
    public String getName() {
        return name;

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;

    public int getAge() {
        return age;

    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;

    // methods
    public void bark() {
        System.out.println("Woof! Woof!");

    public void printInfo() {
        System.out.println("Name: " + name);
        System.out.println("Age: " + age);

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Dog myDog = new Dog("Fido", 3);

In this example, we have a Dog class which is an object representing a real-world dog. The class has instance variables name and age which are private and can only be accessed via the getters and setters. The class also has a constructor which initializes the values of the instance variables. The class has methods bark() and printInfo() which define the behavior of a dog. The main class creates an instance of the Dog class and calls its methods.

This is a simple example, but the same concepts can be applied to more complex software systems, with many classes and objects interacting with one another to perform complex tasks.

Nathan Jean: Why is OOD in software development better than other design principals?


Object-oriented design (OOD) is considered better than other design principles for several reasons:

  1. Encapsulation: OOD allows for the hiding of complexity and implementation details behind an object’s interface, making it easier to reason about and modify the code.
  2. Reusability: OOD encourages the use of reusable objects, which can be easily combined to create new functionality.
  3. Inheritance and polymorphism: OOD allows for the creation of a class hierarchy, where classes can inherit common functionality from their parent classes, and polymorphism allows for objects of different classes to be treated as objects of a common base class.
  4. Modularity: OOD allows for the separation of code into distinct, independent objects, which can be developed, tested, and maintained separately, making it easier to change or evolve the codebase over time.
  5. Scalability: OOD promotes the creation of code that is easy to scale, by allowing for the addition of new classes and objects without having to make changes to existing code.
  6. Maintainability: OOD allows for the creation of code that is easy to understand, modify and test, by breaking the problem down into small, manageable pieces that can be tackled independently.

It is important to note that OOD is not a panacea, and it can’t solve all the problems, but it is considered a powerful tool in the software developer’s toolbox and it’s widely used in many programming languages.

Nathan Jean: Write me an example where OOD is not properly demonstrated.

This one took a while for the AI to create an answer …. about 3 minutes …

ChatGPT: Here’s an example of a simple program that does not demonstrate proper object-oriented design:

public class Calculator {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int num1 = 5;
        int num2 = 3;
        int result = 0;

        String operator = "+";
        if (operator.equals("+")) {
            result = num1 + num2;
        } else if (operator.equals("-")) {
            result = num1 - num2;
        } else if (operator.equals("*")) {
            result = num1 * num2;
        } else if (operator.equals("/")) {
            result = num1 / num2;

In this example, the Calculator class does not use any objects, and instead, the program uses a series of conditional statements to determine the operation to perform and calculates the result. This design is not maintainable, as adding new operations will require modifying the existing code, and it is also not reusable, as the same calculation can’t be used somewhere else in the codebase.

A better approach would be to create an Operation class that encapsulates the logic for a specific operation (addition, subtraction, etc.) and an Operator class that contains a collection of Operation objects. This would allow for new operations to be added without modifying existing code, and the Operator class could be reused in other parts of the program.

Nathan Jean: What is a good way to master implementing OOD principles in software development?


Mastering the implementation of object-oriented design (OOD) principles in software development takes time and practice. Here are some ways to improve your skills in OOD:

  1. Understand the concepts: Learn about the key concepts of OOD, such as encapsulation, inheritance, polymorphism and how they can be applied to design better software.
  2. Study design patterns: Study common design patterns such as the Singleton, Observer, and Decorator patterns, as they provide solutions to common software design problems.
  3. Practice coding: Practice writing code that demonstrates OOD concepts and patterns. Try to implement common data structures and algorithms using OOP concepts.
  4. Learn from others: Read code written by experienced developers and learn from their design choices. Look for code reviews and feedback on your own code, to improve the quality of your design.
  5. Participate in code reviews: Participating in code reviews is an excellent way to improve your understanding of good design principles, as well as to understand the trade-offs that other developers make when designing software.
  6. Practice refactoring: Refactoring is the process of changing the internal structure of code without changing its external behavior. It’s a great way to improve the quality of your code and to learn how to make your code more flexible and maintainable.
  7. Experiment: Experiment with different design techniques and approaches, and see which ones work best for you and your team.
  8. Keep up with the latest developments: OOD is an active field, new techniques and best practices are emerging all the time. Keep yourself updated with the latest trends and developments.

Remember that mastering OOD is an ongoing process, it requires time, patience and a lot of practice to become proficient.


I think in this conversation, ChatGPT did a really good job of clearly articulating the concepts and answering the questions provided.

If anything, this has demonstrated that this tool can be a powerful resource for coders and software developers of all talent levels.

I’m curios what else this AI will be able to produce, and how smart it will be in the coming years.

I did not throw it many curve ball questions, or practice prompt engineering in order to get better answers back.

In short, as a veteran developer, the information provided in my opinion would be more than quality to provided to a junior developer, and I would be comfortable with them adopting the information into their daily coding practices.